Nidhi Company Scheme Chart in 2023

Welcome to our blog post on the Nidhi Company Scheme! If you’re interested in starting a financial institution that promotes savings and mutual benefits, then you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about Nidhi companies, their types, pros and cons, requirements for starting one, and how to register. So grab a cup of coffee and get ready to dive into the world of Nidhi companies! Let’s begin!

Nidhi Company Scheme Chart

Also Read : CA Final Financial Reporting Question Bank

What is the Nidhi Company Scheme?

The Nidhi Company Scheme is a unique concept in the Indian financial landscape. It is a type of non-banking financial institution (NBFC) that primarily operates for the benefit of its members and encourages saving among them. The word “Nidhi” means treasure, and true to its name, these companies aim to help their members accumulate wealth over time.

Unlike traditional banks, Nidhi companies are governed by specific rules and regulations under the Companies Act, 2013. They operate on principles of mutual benefit, where members contribute fixed amounts regularly into savings schemes or recurring deposit accounts. These funds are then utilized for lending purposes within the group itself.

One key feature of a Nidhi company is that it can only accept deposits from its members and cannot solicit funds from outside sources like banks or general public. This ensures that the focus remains on fostering a sense of unity and trust among members.

Nidhi companies also offer various other financial services such as gold loans, personal loans, fixed deposits etc., making them convenient one-stop solutions for their members’ financial needs.

The Nidhi Company Scheme provides an alternate avenue for individuals to save money while enjoying benefits similar to those offered by traditional banking institutions. It promotes thriftiness and helps foster strong ties within communities through shared economic goals.

The Different Types of Nidhi Companies

There are various types of Nidhi companies that exist in India, each with its own unique characteristics. These types include:

  1. Nidhi Mutual Benefit Companies: This type of Nidhi company primarily focuses on providing mutual benefits to its members through activities like savings schemes and loan facilities.
  2. Nidhi Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs): These companies operate under the guidelines set by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and offer financial services such as loans, advances, and fixed deposits.
  3. Nidhi Microfinance Companies: As the name suggests, these companies aim to provide microfinance services to individuals or groups who have limited access to traditional banking systems. They focus on extending credit facilities for income-generating activities or basic needs.
  4. Nidhi Housing Finance Companies: These entities cater specifically to the housing finance sector by offering home loans, construction loans, and other related financial products.
  5. Nidhi Chit Funds: In this type of Nidhi company, members contribute a certain amount regularly into a common pool which is then distributed among them through a bidding process called chits.

It’s important for aspiring entrepreneurs to understand these different types of Nidhi companies before deciding which one aligns best with their goals and objectives.

Pros and Cons of a Nidhi Company

Nidhi companies can offer several advantages to their members. They promote the habit of savings among individuals by providing them with a safe platform to deposit their funds. This can be particularly beneficial for lower-income groups who may not have access to traditional banking services.

Another advantage is that Nidhi companies often offer competitive interest rates on deposits, which can help members grow their savings over time. Additionally, these companies are governed by strict regulations and guidelines set by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, ensuring transparency and accountability in their operations.

On the flip side, there are some potential drawbacks associated with Nidhi companies as well. One key consideration is that they primarily cater to a limited group of members from specific communities or regions. This exclusivity may limit the growth opportunities for such companies compared to other financial institutions operating on a larger scale.

Moreover, since Nidhi companies rely heavily on member contributions for funding activities like loans and advances, there might be limitations in terms of loan amounts or availability based on the available pool of funds within the company.

Furthermore, while Nidhi companies are regulated entities, there have been instances where fraudulent practices have taken place within this sector. Therefore it’s crucial for individuals considering joining a Nidhi company to conduct thorough research about its reputation and track record before becoming an active member.

While Nidhi companies provide an attractive option for individuals looking to save money and earn competitive returns on their deposits, it’s essential to weigh both the benefits and limitations associated with these entities before making any decisions.

Also Read : 1 Lakh Chit Format for 16 Months

What are the requirements to start a Nidhi Company?

Starting a Nidhi Company can be an attractive business venture for individuals looking to promote savings and financial stability within their community. However, there are certain requirements that need to be fulfilled in order to establish a Nidhi Company.

First and foremost, the company must have at least three directors who are responsible for managing its affairs. These directors should also fulfill the eligibility criteria set by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

Another important requirement is that the company must have a minimum of 200 members within one year of its incorporation. This ensures that there is sufficient participation from the community and encourages collective saving habits.

Additionally, it is mandatory for every member of the company to hold shares worth at least Rs. 10 each. This promotes ownership and accountability among the members.

In terms of capital requirements, a Nidhi Company should have minimum equity share capital of Rs. 5 lakhs. This amount needs to be deposited in a separate bank account before starting operations.

Furthermore, it is essential for the company’s name to include “Nidhi Limited” as part of its title. This distinguishes it from other types of companies and helps build trust among potential investors.

It is crucial for all legal compliances related to registration, taxation, accounting, and reporting to be followed diligently in order to ensure smooth functioning of the Nidhi Company.

By meeting these requirements, aspiring entrepreneurs can lay a strong foundation for their Nidhi Company and contribute positively towards promoting financial well-being within their community.

How to register a Nidhi Company?

So, you’ve decided to start a Nidhi Company and now you’re wondering about the registration process. Well, I’ve got you covered! Registering a Nidhi Company is not as complicated as it may seem. Here are the steps you need to follow:

  1. Obtain Digital Signature: The first step is to obtain a digital signature certificate (DSC) for all the proposed directors of your company. This will ensure secure online filing of documents.
  2. Apply for DIN: Next, each director needs to apply for a Director Identification Number (DIN). This can be done by submitting an online application with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
  3. Name Approval: Once you have obtained DSC and DIN, it’s time to choose a unique name for your Nidhi Company. Make sure that the name complies with the naming guidelines specified by MCA.
  4. Drafting MOA and AOA: Prepare Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association (AOA) which define the objectives and rules governing your company respectively.
  5. Filing Forms with MCA: After drafting MOA and AOA, file various forms such as SPICe Form 32, SPICe Moa Form INC-33, SPICe AOA Form INC-34 along with other necessary documents like address proof etc., with MCA using e-forms.
  6. Payment of Fees: Pay the required fees during form submission through online payment methods provided on MCA portal.
  7. Get Certificate of Incorporation – Once all forms are approved by ROC(Registrar Of Companies), they will issue Certificate Of Incorporation(COI). And this marks completion of registration process.

Remember that these steps can vary slightly based on specific requirements or changes in regulations over time.


The Nidhi Company Scheme provides individuals with a unique opportunity to establish and manage their own financial institution. Whether you choose to form a Nidhi company as a lending or investment entity, it is essential to carefully consider the pros and cons associated with this type of business.

On the positive side, Nidhi companies offer an effective way for communities to pool their savings and provide loans to members at affordable interest rates. They also promote thriftiness among members and encourage financial stability. Moreover, the registration process for starting a Nidhi company is relatively straightforward compared to other types of financial institutions.

However, there are also challenges that come with running a Nidhi company. The restrictions on accepting deposits from non-members can limit its growth potential. Additionally, compliance with various statutory requirements can be time-consuming and require ongoing vigilance.

If you decide that starting a Nidhi company aligns with your goals and interests, make sure you fulfill all the necessary requirements before proceeding with registration. This includes having at least 200 members, maintaining minimum capital funds, establishing clear policies and procedures for operations, and appointing suitable directors.

Once registered as a Nidhi company under Section 406 of the Companies Act 2013, you will need to adhere to regular reporting obligations such as filing annual returns and audited financial statements.

While there are both advantages and disadvantages associated with operating a Nidhi company scheme chart , it can be an appealing option for those seeking involvement in community-based finance initiatives. By understanding the intricacies of this unique setup along with fulfilling legal obligations diligently , individuals can effectively navigate the path towards establishing their very own successful Nidhi company.

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